While kids with Asperger's syndrome may prefer solo sports as compared to team, they should be encouraged to play.
Best-selling author Shonda Schilling says that if you’ve met a child with Asperger’s syndrome and other autism spectrum disorders, you’ve only met one, because each is unique. Her 11-year-old son, Grant, is one of those children.
Schilling is the author of The Best Kind of Different: Our Family’s Journey with Asperger’s Syndrome. If the last name rings a bell, it’s because she’s the wife of retired Boston Red Sox All-Star Curt Schilling. That’s right, the guy with the bloody sock. Ironically, Schilling says the first time Grant played baseball it “was a disaster” and now he has no interest in it.
Her son was diagnosed with Asperger’s when he was 7 years old, and according to an excerpt from her book, it sent the family household into “chaos.”
She says the challenges of raising a child with Asperger’s or any autism spectrum disorder are many, and those same challenges exist when it comes to youth sports.
Grant, who Schilling says is a “phenomenal” athlete, has found success in indoor soccer and swimming. She says outdoor soccer is too big and he can’t get his arms wrapped around it, and basketball is the one sport where you can really see the drastic difference in ability. Her advice for any parent of a child with Asperger’s who wants to play a particular sport is simple: “If they love it, let them play it.”
The mother of four suggests parents talk to the coach before the season and find out first and foremost if in fact that coach even wants to have a child with Asperger’s on the team. If so, give the coach some techniques he can use to deal with some of the common behavioral issues that are bound to occur. Schilling says the most important thing is to make sure the child participates in all of the practices and plays the entire season.
“Too often, when you have a child with Asperger’s who might not be able to find his shin guards one night it’s easier to just say, “˜Forget practice tonight.’ But you can’t let that happen. It gets them out of their routine.”
Schilling says that coaches and parents who don’t understand Asperger’s often think a child’s behavior is a result of poor manners or being disrespectful, when, in fact, the child is just overly focused on something else.
“When you are coaching Grant, he might talk too close to you or touch you because he has sensory issues, and that can be awkward,” Schilling says. “But nothing they (children with Asperger’s) are doing is out of disrespect. If they don’t look you in the eye and are locked in on a thought and can’t answer you, it’s because they can’t break free from that thought. It’s just the way their minds work.”
Schilling suggests to coaches that being firm and avoiding choices will help prevent situations from spiraling out of control. But, despite the use of all types of techniques and interventions, there will still be times when a child with Asperger’s will lapse into atypical behavior, as Grant did earlier this season in the middle of a soccer game.
“His shoe was untied and he became completely disconnected from what was going on around him,” Schilling recalls. “He sat down in the middle of the action and just focused on trying to get his shoe tied up again, which he doesn’t know how to do. The coach learned from this and the next game as soon as he saw Grant’s shoe come untied, he immediately took him out, tied his shoe in a double knot and sent him back in.”
Like a lot of parents, Schilling coaches her daughter in softball, but says that it’s best for her and Curt to not coach Grant in any sport.
“I am his comfort zone. I need to make that break and teach him that other people are in charge. He knows I’m in charge, but he needs to learn that others can be, too.”
Schilling, who says the experience of raising Grant has made her a better person, hopes that her book and any attention that comes from it or any other article written on the subject will only enhance the experience for other children with Asperger’s, including those who participate in youth sports.
“I think parents need to take their own selfish goals out of youth sports, and we have to get back to the basics of raising happy, respectable children. Somehow we are taking the fun out sports. We are teaching achievement, being the best, winning. Somehow, the fun is not there anymore. And it should be.”
Her husband, Curt, agrees completely, and not just when it comes to dealing with a child with Asperger’s, but any child: “Being a ‘star’ when you are talking about Asperger’s has to be about the child. But I’d argue that’s the case with any child. What you want for your child will likely never have anything to do with what your child truly wants. Your children will rise to the occasion, excel at things they love and want, not what you want them to love and want.”
“Grant loves to swim, but something happened in a practice that made it a nightmare. So now, when he goes to practice or a meet, yes, he’s disappointed when he finishes last, but you can sense the pride in him that he actually did it. And our reinforcement and pride comes in knowing our 10-year-old faced a real physical fear, overcame it, and ‘went for it’.”
“That works for us. There’s no need for Olympic gold, just win a daily struggle one time, then build on it.”
Detecting Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)
ASD is defined by a certain set of behaviors that can range from the very mild to the severe. The following possible indicators of ASD are published on the National Institute of Mental Health website (nimh.nih.gov).
Possible Indicators of Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Does not babble, point or make meaningful gestures by 1 year of age
- Does not speak one word by 16 months
- Does not combine two words by 2 years
- Does not respond to name
- Loses language or social skills
- Poor eye contact
- Doesn’t seem to know how to play with toys
- Excessively lines up toys or other objects
- Is attached to one particular toy or object
- Doesn’t smile
- At times seems to be hearing impaired